What is Internet Governance
In 2005, the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) came up with the following working definition of Internet Governance “Internet Governance is the development and application by governments, the private sector and civil society, in their respective roles, of shared principles, norms, rules, decision-making procedures, and programmes that shape the evolution and use of the Internet.”
What is the Internet Governance Forum?
“The IGF is a forum for multi-stakeholder dialogue on public policy issues related to key elements of Internet governance issues, such as the Internet’s sustainability, robustness, security, stability and development. The United Nations Secretary-General formally announced the establishment of the IGF in July 2006 and the first meeting was convened in October/November 2006”.[Ref]
What topics are discussed in an IGF?
Everything related to the Internet.
According to Diplo’s classification of Internet Governance issues, there are more than 40+ issues that can be grouped in 7 baskets:
- The infrastructure and standardisation basket which includes: telecommunications infrastructure, technical standards, critical Internet resources, Internet Protocol (IP), DNS, Net Neutrality, IoT.
- The security basket which includes: cybersecurity, cybercrime, child safety online, encryption, critical infrastructure.
- Human rights basket which includes the online aspects of freedom of expression, privacy and data protection, gender rights online and other rights.
- The legal basket which includes the legal aspects of digital policy: copyright, trademarks, jurisdiction, arbitration, Internet intermediaries.
- Economic basket: e-commerce, digital currencies, consumer protection.
- Development basket: access, digital divide and more
- Sociocultural basket: online content policy, cultural diversity online, multilingualism on the Internet and online education.
What are IGF NRIs?
IGF NRIs are national and regional Internet Governance platforms which discuss Internet Governance issues from the perspective of their communities while acting in accordance with the principles of the IGF.